This is an extract from an article with the same title in the Harvard Business Review authored by Adam Waytz and Malia Mason.
Neuroscience which is the science of how the brain works has been around for a long time but it has taught us surprisingly little about how the mind works. The few things it has taught though have been articulated very well. This article is about those few things. These are the default, reward, affect, and control core neural networks. The role of these networks and their implications for people managers are now starting to be understood.